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BYTE Magazine

Byte magazine was a microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage. Whereas many magazines from the mid-1980s had been dedicated to the MS-DOS (PC) platform or the Mac, mostly from a business or home user's perspective, Byte covered developments in the entire field of "small computers and software", and sometimes other computing fields such as supercomputers and high-reliability computing. Coverage was in-depth with much technical detail, rather than user-oriented.

Byte started in 1975, shortly after the first personal computers appeared as kits advertised in the back of electronics magazines. Byte was published monthly, with an initial yearly subscription price of $10. Byte was able to attract advertising and articles from many well-knowns, soon-to-be-well-knowns, and ultimately-to-be-forgottens in the growing microcomputer hobby. Articles in the first issue (September, 1975) included Which Microprocessor For You? by Hal Chamberlin, Write Your Own Assembler by Dan Fylstra and Serial Interface by Don Lancaster. Advertisements from Godbout, MITS, Processor Technology, SCELBI, and Sphere appear, among others. Early articles in Byte were do-it-yourself electronic or software projects to improve small computers. A continuing feature was Ciarcia's Circuit Cellar, a column in which electronic engineer Steve Ciarcia described small projects to modify or attach to a computer (later spun off to become the magazine Circuit Cellar, focusing on embedded computer applications). Significant articles in this period included the "Kansas City" standard for data storage on audio tape, insertion of disk drives into S-100 computers, publication of source code for various computer languages (Tiny C, BASIC, assemblers), and breathless coverage of the first microcomputer operating system, CP/M. Byte ran Microsoft's first advertisement, as "Micro-Soft", to sell a BASIC interpreter for 8080-based computers.

In spring of 1979, owner/publisher Virginia Williamson sold the magazine to McGraw-Hill. She remained publisher until 1983, about 8 years after founding the magazine, and subsequently became a vice president of McGraw-Hill Publications Company. Shortly after the IBM PC was introduced, in 1981, the magazine changed editorial policies. It gradually de-emphasized the do-it-yourself electronics and software articles, and began running product reviews, the first computer magazine to do so. It continued its wide-ranging coverage of hardware and software, but now it reported "what it does" and "how it works", not "how-to-do-it." The editorial focus remained on any computer system or software that might be within a typical individual's finances and interest (centered on home and personal computers). From 1975 through 1986 Byte covers usually featured the artwork of Robert Tinney. These covers made Byte visually unique. In 1987 Tinney's paintings were replaced by product photographs, and Steve Ciarcia's "Circuit Cellar" column was discontinued.

Around 1985 Byte started an online service called BIX (Byte Information eXchange) which was a text-only BBS style site running on the CoSy conferencing software, also used by McGraw-Hill internally. Access was via local dial-in or, for additional hourly charges, the Tymnet X.25 network. Monthly rates were $13/month for the account and $1/hour for X.25 access. Unlike CompuServe, access at higher speeds was not surcharged. Many of the Byte staff were active on the service. Later, gateways permitted email communication outside the system.

Byte continued to grow. By 1990 it was a monthly about an inch in thickness, a readership of technical professionals, and a subscription price of $56/year, a high figure for the time. It was the "must-read" magazine of the popular computer magazines. Around 1993 Byte began to develop a web presence. It acquired the domain name byte.com and began to have discussions and post selected editorial content. It developed a number of national sister editions in Japan, Brazil, Germany, and an Arabic edition published in Jordan.

The readership of Byte and advertising revenue were declining when McGraw-Hill sold the magazine to CMP Media, a successful publisher of specialized computer magazines in May 1998. The magazine's editors and writers expected its new owner to revitalize Byte but CMP ceased publication with the July 1998 issue, laid off all the staff and shut down Byte's rather large product-testing lab.

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BYTE Magazine
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Byte Magazine Volume 11 Issue 08: Object-Oriented Languages
Topics: ibm, software, disk, data, program, graphics, compatible, byte, code, hard disk, source code, power...
BYTE Magazine
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FEATURES PRODUCT PREVIEW: LABVIEW: LABORATORY VIRTUAL INSTRUMENT ENGINEERING WORKBENCH CIARCIA'S CIRCUIT CELLAR: BUILD A HARDWARE DATA ENCRYPTOR PROGRAMMING PROJECT: CALCULATING CRCs BY BITS AND BYTES PROGRAMMING INSIGHT: BREAKING OUT KEYED FILE ACCESS IN BASIC REAL TIME UNDER REAL PASCAL THEME: 68000 MACHINES 68000 TRIPS AND TRAPS UNIX AND THE MC68000 A COMPARISON OF MC68000 FAMILY PROCESSORS ATARI ST SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AMIGA ANIMATION AMIGA VS. MACINTOSH REVIEWS REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK THE...
Topics: ibm, software, disk, data, inquiry, program, byte, graphics, turbo, memory, hard disk, turbo...
BYTE Magazine
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FEATURES INTRODUCTION CiARCIA'S CIRCUIT CELLAR: BUILD THE GTI80 COLOR GRAPHICS BOARD, PART 2: HARDWARE PROGRAMMING PROJECT: USING DOS FUNCTIONS FROM TURBO PASCAL PROGRAMMING INSIGHT: A PROGRAM FOR APPROXIMATING INTEGRALS DEBUGGING MACINTOSH APPLICATIONS LOCAL EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS THEME: GRAPHICS ALGORITHMS INTRODUCTION HENON MAPPING WITH PASCAL ABSTRACT MATHEMATICAL ART THE TMS34010 GRAPHICS SYSTEM PROCESSOR PLOTTING THE MANDELBROT SET GRAPHING QUADRIC SURFACES FREE-FORM CURVES ON YOUR...
Topics: ibm, software, graphics, disk, inquiry, program, byte, color, turbo, data, hard disk, turbo pascal,...
BYTE Magazine
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Byte Magazine Volume 11 Issue 10: Public Domain Powerhouses
Topics: ibm, disk, software, program, byte, data, graphics, color, ram, hard disk, floppy disk, power...
BYTE Magazine
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Byte Magazine Volume 11 Issue 12: Knowledge Representation
Topics: ibm, software, disk, graphics, program, byte, color, data, memory, hard disk, power supply, floppy...
BYTE Magazine
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FEATURES INTRODUCTION PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: THE ATARI 520ST CIARCIA:S CIRCUIT CELLAR: BUILD AN ANALOG-TO·DIGITAL CONVERTER PRODUCT PREVIEW: Q&A PROGRAMMING PROJECT: A SIMPL COMPILER. PART 2: PROCEDURES AND FUNCTIONS CREATING REUSABLE MODULES PROGRAMMING INSIGHT: EASY 3-D GRAPHICS An Introduction to NSC Tiny BASIC, The Language of the INS8073 THEMES INTRODUCTION ROBOTIC TACTILE SENSING MULTIPLE ROBOTIC MANIPULATORS AUTONOMOUS ROBOT NAVIGATION AI IN COMPUTER VISION AUTOMATION IN ORGANIC...
Topics: ibm, software, disk, inquiry, color, data, computer, byte, graphics, ram, hard disk, registered...
BYTE Magazine
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Topics: ibm, software, disk, computer, graphics, color, program, byte, data, hard disk, power supply, disk...
BYTE Magazine
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Byte Magazine Volume 11 Issue 02: Text Processing
Topics: ibm, software, disk, program, computer, color, data, byte, graphics, hard disk, turbo pascal, disk...
BYTE Magazine
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Byte Magazine Volume 11 Issue 07: Engineer's Toolbox
Topics: ibm, disk, software, program, data, graphics, memory, disk drives, ram, byte, hard disk, source...
BYTE Magazine
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Byte Magazine Volume 11 Issue 05: Mass Storage
Topics: ibm, disk, software, power supply, data, graphics, color, program, compatible, byte, hard disk,...
BYTE Magazine
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FEATURES INTRODUCTION PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: THE MACINTOSH PROGRAMMING PROJECT: A SIMPLE FILE-INDEXING SCHEME ClARCIA'S CIRCUIT CELLAR: ADDING SCSI TO THE SBI80 COMPUTER, PART 2: Bus PHASES SORTING PRoDOS DIRECTORIES DECODING MACPAINT ON THE IBM PC PROGRAMMING INSIGHT: HILBERT CURVES MADE SIMPLE THEME: COMPUTERS AND MUSIC THE CHALLENGE OF MUSIC SOFTWARE DIGITAL MUSIC SYNTHESIS DIGITAL SAMPLING ON THE APPLE MACINTOSH MUSICAL FRACTALS A MIDI PROJECT MIDI PROGRAMMING REVIEWS REVIEWER'S NOTEBOO THE...
Topics: ibm, disk, software, data, program, midi, byte, color, graphics, hard disk, track data, disk drive,...
BYTE Magazine
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Byte Magazine Volume 11 Issue 04: Number Crunching
Topics: ibm, software, disk, data, program, color, graphics, computer, compatible, hard disk, power supply,...